Infectious Eye Pain Medication and its Prevention

Infectious eye pain or conjunctivitis ( conjunctivitis ), also known as pinkeye, is inflammation of the tissue covering the front of the eye and lining the inside of the eyelid. Prevent the spread and immediately treat infectious eye pain by identifying the cause of his .

Conjunctivitis is the most common infectious eye disease that can be caused by several factors. Viral and bacterial infections are the main factors that make this condition can spread easily from one person to another. In addition to viruses and bacteria, conjunctivitis can also be caused by dirt, smoke, chlorine used in swimming pools, allergies to dust, and irritation that usually occurs in contact lens users. However, conjunctivitis caused by irritation or allergies is not contagious.

Infectious eye pain caused by a viral infection is the most contagious and is often caused by a virus called Adenovirus. Adenovirus is a virus that causes several health problems, including flu, sore throat, bronchitis , diarrhea, fever, and pneumonia . Infectious conjunctivitis can also be caused by bacteria. Transmission of conjunctivitis can occur from hand to eye, from objects that have been contaminated with viruses or bacteria, and from the respiratory tract.

Infectious eye pain is indicated by the appearance of certain symptoms, such as itchy or sore eyes, redness in the white area of ​​the eye or inside of the eyelids, and watery eyes. Other symptoms that may also be felt include discharge of white, green (yellow), or yellow liquid that becomes crust on the lashes. Vision can become blurred and the eyes become more sensitive to light.

How to prevent and treat contagious eye pain

  • Infectious eye pain can be avoided by diligently washing your hands to reduce the risk of transmission. You can do some other preventive measures, such as:
  • Avoid touching your face too often, because the virus can enter through the eyes, nose and mouth.
  • For contact lens users , it is recommended to pay attention to and maintain the cleanliness of the lens and other enhancements. Don't share your eye contact lens with other people.
  • If possible, use glasses instead of wearing contact lenses.
  • Avoid sharing towels, bath towels, pillowcases, mascara, or eye pencils with infectious eye pain sufferers.
  • Always wash your hands after making contact with infectious eye pain sufferers.
  • Don't use eye drops given to infected eyes back to uninfected eyes.
  • Try both you and the child who is affected by eye infections to stay at home, until the transmission phase ends or the child's condition improves.

Treatment of infectious eye pain will be determined based on the cause of the infection. To relieve symptoms, cold compresses and  artificial tears can be recommended as a lubricant to keep the eyes comfortable and not dry. Antihistamines may be recommended to reduce itching which is very disturbing. You may be asked to stop using eye contact lenses until this condition improves.

Infectious eye pain medication due to viral infection is usually not needed. The handling is only in the form of cold compresses and artificial tears, as well as maintaining eye hygiene. Antiviral drugs are given in cases of more serious contagious eye pain such as  shingles in the eye. Antibiotics will be given as a contagious eye pain medication caused by bacterial infections and are available in the form of drops or topical medications. For allergic conjunctivitis you will usually be given allergic medication and eye drops after the source of the allergy is removed from the eye.

Medications for eye pain contagious to babies will be slightly different from adults. See your doctor as soon as you feel or find the symptoms above to get treatment and avoid spreading eye pain to others.